Amazon deforestation accelerated more than 60% in June over the same period last year, in what environmentalists say is a sign that the policies of President Jair Bolsonaro are starting to take effect.
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The rate of rainforest destruction had been stable during the first few months of Bolsonaroâs presidency but began to soar in May and June, according to Brazilâs National Institute of Space Research (INPE), a government agency whose satellites also monitor the Amazon.
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The rate of destruction has been increasing since 2012, and has soared in the past two months.
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769.1 square kilometres were lost last month â” a stark increase from the 488.4 sq km lost in June 2018, INPEâs data showed. That equates to an area of rainforest larger than one and a half soccer fields being destroyed every minute of every day.
More than two-thirds of the Amazon are located in Brazil and environmental groups blame far-right leader Bolsonaro and his government for the increase, saying he has relaxed controls on deforestation in the country.
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Why Brazilâs Jair Bolsonaro has environmentalists worried for the Amazon
“Over the past six months, Bolsonaro and his environment minister have been devoting themselves to the dismantling of the Brazilian environmental governance and neutralizing regulatory bodies”, Carlos Rittl, executive secretary of the environment NGO network Observatorio do Clima (Climate Observatory) told CNN
Greenpeace called Bolsonaro and his government a “threat to the climate equilibrium” and warned that in the long run, his policies would bear a “heavy cost” for the Brazilian economy. “Bolsonaro already accounts for gigantic setbacks for the environment and for Brazilâs image”, Márcio Astrini, a spokesman for Greenpeace in Brazil said in a statement on Friday
CNN asked the Brazilian Environment Ministry for comment on the recent numbers but has not received a response
Delivering on a campaign promise During Bolsonaroâs election campaign, he promised his government would focus on recovering the Brazilian economy and said he would look at ways of exploring the Amazonâs economic potential. Six months after his inauguration, the populist president is certainly delivering on his promises
“The strong indication of the increase in the deforestation rate during the government of Jair Bolsonaro shouldnât surprise anyone,” Rittl said. “Itâs, after all, the accomplishing of a campaign promise: Bolsonaro was the first president in all of Brazilâs history to be elected with an openly anti-environmental and anti-indigenous speech”
Rittl says loggers, farmers and miners emboldened by Bolsonaroâs pro-business stance have jumped on the opportunity, taking advantage of reduced controls and less oversight to seize control of a growing area of land within the Amazon forest
Meanwhile, the government is hampering the efforts of those who are supposed to keep deforestation in check
The Brazilian Environment and Renewables Institute (IBAMA), the countryâs environmental enforcement agency, has seen its budget cut by $23 million, and six months in, the government has only nominated the heads of four of IBAMAâs 27 state offices. None of those four are located in states with jurisdiction over the Amazon rainforest
In addition, official data obtained by Observatorio do Clima and sent to CNN shows the number of operations IBAMA has conducted in 2019 has gone down since the beginning of the year, around the same time Bolsonaro was sworn in
“The explosion of the number of [deforestation] alerts in the past couple of months should lead to an intensification of inspection operations, but that hasnât happened,” Rittl said
He also put some of the blame on some European countries. “As much as European leaders have made âbeautifulâ speeches showing concern about Bolsonaroâs environmental policies, and even though the [Paris Climate] agreement has environmental safeguards, the EU is signaling that it is at least tolerant with the ongoing anti-environmental agenda”
International criticism French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have both said they were concerned about the erosion of environmental protections in Brazil, but neither France, Germany or the European Union have gone beyond words
Last Friday, the European Union struck a deal with the South American trade bloc Mercosur, which includes Brazil, a move environmentalists say will only put additional pressure on the Amazon and its fragile ecosystem
The Amazon forest is often referred to as the planetâs lungs, producing 20 per cent of the oxygen in the earthâs atmosphere. It is considered vital in the ongoing efforts to slow down global warming and it is also home to uncountable species of fauna and flora. With roughly half the size of the United States of America, it is the largest rainforest on the planet
Its area has been steadily shrinking over the past century with deforestation reaching its peak in 1995, when 29.059 km² were lost. The rate of destruction had then been decreasing, reaching its lowest point in 2012. It has been accelerating ever since